The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, commonly known as the UNFCCC, is an international treaty aimed at addressing global warming and climate change. It was first adopted in 1992 and has been ratified by 197 countries, including the United States.
The primary objective of the UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human-induced interference with the climate system. This is achieved through the implementation of policies and measures aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable development.
One of the most significant outcomes of the UNFCCC was the Paris Agreement, which was adopted in 2015. The Paris Agreement is a legally binding treaty that aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with the ultimate goal of limiting warming to 1.5°C.
Under the Paris Agreement, each country is required to set targets for reducing its greenhouse gas emissions, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are reviewed every five years, and countries are required to strengthen their targets over time.
The Paris Agreement also includes provisions for financial and technological support to developing countries to help them transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The Paris Agreement marked a significant step forward in global efforts to address climate change, but there is still much work to be done. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned that limiting warming to 1.5°C will require rapid and far-reaching transitions in energy, land, urban, and infrastructure systems.
As copy editors, it is essential to keep up-to-date with developments in international climate policy, such as the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement. By being aware of these issues, we can help to ensure that important information about climate change and sustainability is accurately communicated to the public.